Top 10 Poorest Countries In Africa



This article centers on discussing Africa’s poorest countries, focusing on their GDP per capita and and GNI per capita.

Just for the record, this is not an interesting topic to discuss. But then again, it is a topic that needs to be discussed more often so that our leaders can feel the need to find a lasting solution to it.

Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa has long been a disturbing phenomenon

1. Burundi: The Republic of Burundi is a landlocked country in East Africa which is bordered by Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Information verified by Business Insider Africa showed that Burundi is currently the poorest country not only in Africa, but the entire world.


Burundi has a GDP per capita of $771 and a GNI per capita of $270.

2. Somalia: Widely regarded as a failed state due to its lack of a central authority, the Republic of Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. Some of the countries that share borders with Somalia are Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya.

Not only has Somalia been conflict-ridden for years, it has also battled economic challenges.

The economy is so poor such that it has a GDP per capita of $875 and a GNI per capita of $310.

3. Central African Republic:

The CAR is a landlocked country in Central Africa and is surrounded by six countries including Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, DR Congo, the Republic of Congo and Cameroon.

The country has a GDP per capita of $980 and a GNI per capita of $510. This is quite abysmal for a country blessed with as much as natural resources as CAR.

The country has also been plagued by man-made disasters due to a protracted war.

4. Democratic Republic of the Congo:

Right beside its equally poor neighbour is DRC. This country has literally all the natural resources that could make a country the wealthiest in the world.

Yet, it is the fourth poorest country in Africa and one of the poorest in the world.

The country has a GDP per capita of $1,131 and a GNI per capita of $550.

5. Niger:

This is another landlocked African country in West Africa. Some of its neighbours are Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Chad and Libya. Niger has a GDP per capita of $1,263 and a GNI per capita of $530.

The country suffers from natural disasters such as drought and political instability, among other issues.

6. Mozambique:

Insurgency has been a major problem in Mozambique recently, but that’s not the only problem the Southern African country is dealing with.

Although not landlocked, the country is bothered by six countries including South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini (Swaziland), Malawi and Tanzania.

The country has a GDP per capita of $1,297 and a GNI per capita of $460.

7. Liberia: Sierra
Leone, Guinea and Ivory Coast are the three countries neighbouring Liberia, a poor country in West Africa.

The interesting thing about Liberia is that it is the oldest African republic and the very first to gain her independence.

And after all these years, conflicts and poor leadership have resulted in the country having one of the poorest economies in the world.

The country’s GDP per capita is $1,428. It also has a GNI per capita of $530.

8. Malawi: This Southern African country has a GDP per capita of $1,568 and a GNI per capita of $580.

Like most of the countries on this list, Malawi is landlocked, surrounded by Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique.

9. Madagascar:

This is the only island African country on this list. The Republic of Madagascar is located in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. The country has a beautiful landscape and is described as one of the most ecologically diverse places on earth.

But it is also considerably poor with a GDP per capita of $1,593 and a GNI per capita of $480.

10. Chad:

This landlocked country in North Central Africa has a GDP per capita of $1,603 and a GNI per capita of $660. Desertification is a major problem in this country, but so also is political instability.
READ: Which African country has the highest GDP in 2021?

Immediate actions need to be taken to eradicate poverty in these countries

There is a similar trend common to all these countries – years of conflicts, political instability, corruption and mismanagement of natural resources. These are man-made problem that could be solved.

So, let’s solve them in order to give people in these countries a chance at better living.

With regards to the other problem of natural disasters, solving the first set of problems would make it a lot easier to handle drought. After all, countries like Saudi Arabia and the UAE have successfully transformed deserts into ever-green farmlands.

They could only do that because they have working systems.


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