The Most Polluted Countries In Africa, Ghana Tops The List

The population of African keeps increasing and as a result we are seeing more industrialisation which has brought about more pollution than ever before.

Provided Below Are The Most Polluted Countries In Africa 2020 from the least to the highest

10. Tanzania

In Tanzania’s major towns and cities, solid and liquid wastes are left untreated. As a result, air and water are contaminated with pollutants, a major health hazard for those who live in underprivileged areas.

Pollution Index: 62.93
Exp Pollution Index: 110.70


Algeria, like most countries in the world, has not been spared the problem of pollution, which has become both a political and social concern. This is in addition to the uncontrolled use of fertilizers and pesticides, which has increased air pollution and contamination of food.

Pollution Index: 65.75
Exp Pollution Index: 115.20


Tunisia’s pollution issues aren’t new. Its heavy industries have been impacting water quality for years. Officially around a quarter of Tunisia’s wastewater is recycled, intended, among other things, to irrigate the country’s farmlands.

Pollution Index: 69.53
Exp Pollution Index: 121.21


Pollution of Morocco’s water and land resources is due to the dumping of industrial wastes into the ocean, the country’s inland water sources, and the soil. Morocco’s cities produce about 2.4 million tons of solid waste per year.

Pollution Index: 70.64
Exp Pollution Index: 123.38


Zimbabwe pollution is mainly as a result of the disposal of raw sewage from Harare, Ruwa and Chitungwiza. Various tests of samples taken from the lake have discovered high fecal content.

Pollution Index: 74.61
Exp Pollution Index: 132.35


Environmental issues in Kenya include deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, water shortage and degraded water quality, flooding, poaching, and domestic and industrial pollution.

Pollution Index: 76.60
Exp Pollution Index: 135.35


As a result of the harmful smoke emitted from the combustion of biomass fuels, indoor air pollution is responsible for more than 50,000 deaths annually and causes nearly 5% of the burden of disease in Ethiopia. Very limited research on indoor air pollution and its health impacts exist in Ethiopia.

Pollution Index: 79.19
Exp Pollution Index: 139.57


The main air pollution problem in Egypt is the particulate matter. The most notable sources of the dust and small particles are transportation, industry and open-air waste-burning. Another significant source is not the wind blown from arid areas around Egypt.

Pollution Index: 85.65
Exp Pollution Index: 152.79


Nigeria suffers from a serious lack of air pollution data. A World Health Organization report in 2012 ranked Onitsha in Southern Nigeria the world’s most polluted city by PM10 pollution levels. Air Pollution is linked to around 7 million premature deaths worldwide every year, including 600,000 children.

Pollution Index: 87.20
Exp Pollution Index: 156.63


It’s Africa’s largest electronic waste dump and one of the most polluted places on earth. Ghana currently achieves collection rates of 95 percent of its e-waste and the informal sector generates employment and income for many; in particular unskilled youth from the country’s north.

Pollution Index: 89.20
Exp Pollution Index: 160.00

Thank you very much for reading this article.

Source; UN Environment

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