Military and army doesn’t mean the same thing. I have discovered to my astonishment that there are lots of people who are not aware of this. Being unaware of the difference between the term military and army has led soo many people to make what I would call honest or innocent errors.
If you are among this group, I will be showing you the differences between the terms military and army with some good examples to aid your understanding.
According to the Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary, an army is “a large, highly organized military force, concerned mainly with ground (rather than air or naval) operations.”
My android dictionary is more specific with its definition thus: “a large organized group of soldiers who are trained to fight on land.”
The keywords in these definitions are ground and land. Simply put, the army are a part of the armed forces trained and mobilised for ground combat, operations or simply to fight only on land. This means that a country’s army cannot be engaged in air or sea combat.
Examples of army are the Nigerian army, the United States Army and the Russian Army.
According to my android English dictionary, a military is described as “relating to armed forces such as the army, marines, navy and airforce (often as distinguished from civilians or police forces).” In a similar vein, the Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary defines a military as “connected with soldiers or the armed forces.”
As we can see from these definitions, military is a broad term describing a country’s whole fighting force including the army, airforce, navy, marines and any other branch created for defence, attack or prevention of external aggression.
Examples of militaries are the Nigerian Military, The Israeli Military and the Chinese Military.
A Summary of The Difference
Army: Soldiers who fight only on land.
Military: Every soldier is part of the military. Army is part of the military, airforce, navy, etcetera are all part of the military.
An army man can be called a soldier but a soldier may be an army man, airman or navy personnel, etcetera.
A soldier is anyone who is in the military whether army, airforce or navy.