Most of the Cancers that start in the vagina are much less common than cancers that start in other organs (such as the cervix, uterus, rectum, or bladder) and then spread to the vagina.
They are named after the place where they started. If a cancer involves both the cervix and vagina, it is considered a cervical cancer.
Medical Facts of Cervical Cancer:
Causes and risk factors for cervical cancer have been identified and include Human Papilloma Virus(HPV) infection, having many sexual contact etc.
HPV infection may cause cervical dysplasia, or abnormal growth of cervical cells. Regular pelvic exams and pap testing can detect precancerous changes in the cervix may be treated with cryosurgery, cauterization, or laser surgery.
The commonest symptoms and signs of cervical cancer are abnormal bleeding and pelvic pain.
Cervical cancer can be diagnosed by using a pap smear or other procedures that sample the cervix tissue, chest X-rays, CT scan, MRI and a PET scan may be used to determine the stage of cervical cancer.
Cancer of the cervix requires different treatment than cancer that begins in other part of uterus.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
Doctors usually can’t explain why one woman develops cervical cancer and another doesn’t.
Studies have found that infection with the virus called HPV is the cause of almost all cervical cancers.
More than half of women by the age of 50 have been exposed to HPV, but most HPV infection with a high risk type of HPV that doesn’t go away can cause cervical cancer in some women.
Other risk factors, such as smoking, can act to increase the risk of cervical cancer among women infected with HPV even more.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Early cervical cancers usually don’t cause symptoms.
When the cancer grows large, women may notice abnormal vaginal bleeding, bleeding that occurs between regular menstrual periods, bleeding after s*xual intercourse, douching ora pelvic exam, menstrual periods that last longer and heavier than before, bleeding after going through menopause.
A woman with any of these symptoms should tell her doctor so that problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.
Treatment of Cervical Cancer
Treatment options for women with cervical cancer are: surgery, Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, or a combination of these methods.
Vaginal Cancer is a rare cancer that occurs in the vagina – the muscular tube that connects your uterus with your outer genitals.
Vaginal Cancer most commonly occurs in the cells that line the surface of the vagina, which is sometimes called the birth canal.
While several types of cancer can spread to your vagina from other places in your body. Cancer that begins in vagina (primary vaginal Cancer) is rare.
Causes of Vaginal Cancer
It’s not clear what causes vaginal cancer.
In general, cancer begins when healthy cells acquire a genetic mutation that turns normal cells into abnormal cells.
Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate, eventually dying at a set time. Cancer cells grow and multiply out of control, and they don’t die.
The accumulating abnormal cells from a mass (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and can break off from an initial tumor to spread elsewhere in the body (metastasize).
Symptoms of Vaginal Cancer
Usual vaginal bleeding, watery vaginal discharge, a lump or mass in the vagina, painful urination, constipation, pelvic pain.
Treatment of Vaginal Cancer
The treatment options for vaginal cancer depends on several factors such as: the type of Vaginal Cancer you have and it’s stage.
You can discuss with your doctor to determine what treatments are best for you base on your goal of treatment and the side effects you’re willing to endure.
Treatment for vaginal cancer typically includes surgery and Radiation.
Source; opera news